Collaborative Management Association CMA.
Below are some points on the CMA document.
The purposes of this Agreement between the National Fisheries and Aquaculture Authority and the CMA are: to give legal recognition to negotiated responsibilities for sustainable management and good governance of the fisheries resources in the areas under CMA jurisdiction to ensure a sustainable source of livelihood for the coastal communities, provision of voice and platform for fishing community participation in decision making in fisheries administration and governance; and establishment of a framework for coordination, planning and implementation of interventions for socio-economic advancement of the fishing communities.
To achieve these purposes, this Agreement provides for:
- Cooperation between the NaFAA Management and members of the CMA in all the Nine Coastal Counties to implement the fisheries co-management plan prepared for the CMA; and
- Consultations in the Monitoring, Control and Surveillance operations at the community level for enforcement and compliance of the New Fisheries Regulations, 2010.
Both the Natural Resources Act, 1956 and the New Fisheries Regulations, 2010 do not define nor specify the use of fisheries co-management as a system of fisheries management. The Regulations do state that ‘conservation and management measures shall be developed, to the extent possible, taking into account consultations with stakeholders and may be implemented inter alia through Fisheries Management Plans, Regulations, public notice, in writing, or otherwise as provided in these Regulations (Part II, Sections 4 (5).
In 2010, the West Africa Regional Fisheries Project in Liberia introduced fishing rights through a system of Co-management” in Robertsport, in the Grand Cape Mount County on pilot basis.
In 2011 a National Framework and a strategy document for establishment of Co-Management Associations were prepared for guidance of the Bureau of National Fisheries in its work towards promotion of the co-management system.
In 2012 a constitution and by-laws were drafted as legal instruments for operation of the Pilot Robertsport CMA which came into effect by acclamation by the General Assembly the same year.
The Board of Directors for the Robertsport CMA was constituted in 2013 and an Authorizing Resolution passed to enter a partnership Agreement with the Bureau of National Fisheries in June 2013.
- MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE OF THE FISHERIES RESOURCES IN THE CMA AREA
- RESPONSIBILITIES OF BNF
- Issuance of national vessel registration numbers and fishing licenses to all canoes;
- Preparation of a fisheries co-management plan for the establishment and management of the Robertsport TURF;
- Formulation of fisheries policies through participatory approaches involving active CMA representation;
- Development and implementation of capacity building programs including training and education to the CMA membership and local stakeholders;
- Resolution of problems and issues beyond the scope of local co-management arrangements, particularly backstopping of local monitoring and surveillance efforts and enabling the provision of law enforcement mechanisms and services;
- Provision of enabling legislation to authorize and legitimize the right to organize and to make and enforce co-management;
- Provision of the legal recognition and national legitimacy of CMAs;
- Provision of technical assistance to the CMA, including the application of national fisheries regulatory standards, appeal mechanism, conflict management, and conducting fisheries-related scientific research;
- Ensuring of accountability of co-management through overseeing local arrangements and dealing with abuses of local authority;
- Coordination role to maintain a forum for the Robertsport CMA to engage and interact with other local CMA and co-management partners throughout Liberia;
- Creation of the enabling environment for donor assistance especially in the areas of capacity building and micro-credit; and
- Determination of allocation of management functions.
- RESPONSIBILITIES OF ROBERTSPORT CMA
- Carving/embossment of vessel registration numbers on all canoes in the CMA area (Robertsport and 14 other fishing communities) for purposes of facilitating monitoring, control and surveillance operations and for management of fishing effort;
- Collection of fishing licenses and registration fees from members, on behalf of BNF, and subject to approval by the Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Finance, and retention of 10% of the revenue collected, as administrative and service charges;
- Participation in research, data gathering, analysis and dissemination of results within the CMA area;
- Implementation of Community-based Monitoring, Control and Surveillance as well as enforcement and self regulatory activities within the CMA designated area in accordance with the Fisheries Regulations of 2010, the New Fisheries Act and the Fisheries and Aquaculture Policy;
- Implementation of community-based monitoring and evaluation of CMA activities undertaken by the sub-committees, zonal and community representatives;
- Representation of members in local fisheries management decision making;
- Creation of awareness in all the 15 CMA communities for fisheries management and social advancement especially for the fishing nets exchange program to foster compliance with the implementation plan and strategy;
- Solicitation and cooperation with national and external partners through BNF for self advancement of members in areas to include but not limited to: capacity building, job creation, income generation, promotion of alternative income generation activities, micro-finance and value addition;
- Identification of issues and concerns of the Robertsort fishing communities;
- Mobilization and leadership of co-management activities;
- Participation in the planning, design and implementation of co-management activities; and
- Advocacy to lobby for changes in or development of national policies and activities, including local infrastructure development.
The NaFAA and the Robertsport CMA shall consult on an as-needed basis concerning matters related to the management of fisheries resources which either party believes are suitable for such consultations. Parties agree that they will consult on issues that may include but not limited to application of the fisheries regulations and any matters that affect livelihoods and resource allocation.